1. The use of approved fall protection is required in the following situations when:
- Exposed to unprotected heights of 6 feet or more (unguarded platforms, rooftops, etc.).
- A fall from a height of less than 6 feet exposes employees to an unusual risk of injury (working above exposed rebar, etc.).
- Working in the stage perms outside of the catwalks.
- Working in boomtype aerial lifts.
- Working near the unprotected edges of roofs, cliffs, excavations, etc.
- Exposed to other potential fall hazards (scaffold erection / dismantling, etc.).
Note: Guardrails systems should be provided for general crew member fall protection on working set platforms that are 30 inches or more above a lower level.
2. Acceptable fall protection systems include the following:
- Guardrails that have a top rail between 42 and 45 inches in height and a midrail. Acceptable guardrails must be able to withstand a force of at least 200 pounds applied to the top rail within 2 inches of the top edge, in any outward or downward direction, at any point along the top edge.
- Building parapets that are 42 inches or more in height that meet the strength requirements listed above.
- Approved fall restraint systems.
- Approved fall arrest systems (self-retracting lifeline [SRL], fixed line, etc.)
3. Fall protection systems generally consist of three main components anchorage point, connecting device (SRL or lanyard) and body wear (harness). All of these must meet applicable OSHA and / or ANSI requirements and be labeled as such.
4. Fall protection anchorages must be able to support at least 5,000 pounds per attached employee or shall be designed, installed and used, under the supervision of a qualified person, as part of a complete personal fall arrest system which maintains a safety factor of at least two.
5. Only double-locking snaphooks and carabiners shall be used for personal fall arrest systems.
6. Only safety harnesses shall be used with personal fall arrest systems. Safety belts are prohibited for use with personal fall arrest systems.
7. Lanyards and SRLs must have shock-absorbing capabilities to reduce the impact forces of a fall.
8. All employees utilizing personal fall protection equipment must be properly trained in its use. The training should be documented and include details of the fall hazards at the site, limitations of the fall protection system, equipment inspection procedures and proper use of the equipment.
9. Before each use, all fall protection equipment and anchor points must be inspected for wear, loose / missing parts, damage and other deterioration.
10. Immediately remove from service and red-tag all fall protection components that are found to be damaged, defective, excessively worn, expired or that have been subject to a fall.
11. Electrical hazards shall be avoided when using a wire rope fall protection device such as an SRL. Since the wire rope is not insulated, electric current could flow through the wire rope if it comes in contact with electrical wires or conduit.
12. Drop testing should never be performed on equipment intended for actual use. These are destructive tests and the stresses incurred can make the equipment unsafe for further use. Any parts of the system used in a drop test should be immediately retired from use.
13. Fall protection equipment shall only be used for personal protection for employee safety. At no time shall fall protection equipment be utilized for applications such as equipment hoisting, lifting, positioning, etc.
14. Most fall protection equipment is designed for use by one person only. The designed working load maximum is usually 300-310 pounds. This weight, which includes tools and clothing, shall not be exceeded. The minimum working load for typical SRLs is 75 pounds.
15. I n fall arrest applications, never attach the connecting device snap-hook to the full body harness in an area other than the back D-ring. Front, shoulder and side D-ring are for rescue, retrieval and positioning attachments only. Personal fall arrest equipment should never be attached to these D-rings.
16. Ensure the full body harness is properly sized and properly fitted prior to use.
17. Protect SRLs and other lifelines against cuts or abrasion.
18. Select anchor points overhead or as close as possible to where you are working to avoid swing falls.
19. Only one employee can be attached to one anchor point unless otherwise noted.
20. Rig fall arrest systems to prevent free fall in excess of 6 feet.
21. A rescue plan should be in place for all potential fall arrest situations. Rescue options typically include self rescue, aerial lift rescue, portable rescue system and fire department rescue.
22. After a rescue has been performed, the victim shall be examined by the production medic, lot medical department or local fire department / paramedics to determine if further medical treatment / observation is required.