At least one trained standby person at the permit required confined space location should be immediately available to perform rescue and emergency first aid services.
The following apply for employees who enter permit spaces to perform rescue services:
- Each member of the rescue team must be provided with and properly trained to use, personal protective equipment and rescue equipment necessary for making rescues from permit spaces.
- Each member of the rescue team must be trained to perform their assigned rescue duties. Team members shall also be trained on the requirements for the authorized entrants role and responsibilities.
- Each member of the rescue team shall practice making permit space rescues at least annually. Training simulation operations shall include the use of dummies, manikins or actual people from actual permit spaces or from representative spaces.
- Representative permit spaces shall simulate the types of permit spaces which rescue services will be performed including representative opening size, configuration and accessibility.
- Each member of the rescue team must be trained in basic first aid and CPR. At least one member of the rescue team who is available shall hold current certification in first aid and CPR.
When arrangements are made to have non-production employees provide emergency services, the following must be provided:
- Inform the rescue service of the hazards they may confront when called on to perform rescue at the location.
- Provide rescue services with access to all permit spaces from which rescue may be necessary, so that the rescue service can develop appropriate rescue plans and practice.
- Provide retrieval systems to be used to facilitate non-entry rescues unless the retrieval system itself would increase the overall risk or not contribute to the rescue of the entrant.
- Each authorized entrant shall use a full body harness with retrieval line. The other end of the retrieval line shall be attached to a mechanical device or fixed point outside the space. Retrieval lines must be fixed in a manner that allows the rescuer to begin the rescue as soon as the rescuer becomes aware that rescue is necessary.
- Mechanical device(s) must be available to retrieve personnel from vertical type spaces more than five feet (5’) deep.
If entrants may be exposed to substances requiring a safety data sheet (SDS), the SDS shall be made readily available and provided to the medical facility in the event of an injury.
If an employee becomes disabled in a confined space, obtain emergency assistance by dialing 911 or the facility’s emergency number.
At no time should rescue operations be conducted without appropriate approved respirator and protective equipment unless the atmosphere of the confined space is known and verified to be harmless.